It is the scientific investigation of the interaction between the mind and the body. Psychophysiological disorders can be treated by physicians, psychologists, biochemists, neurologists, engineers, and other scientists.
A psychophysiological disorder is distinguished by physical symptoms that are partly persuaded by emotional factors. Anxiety, stress, and fear are some of the more common emotional states that contribute to the development of illness. Migraine headaches, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and heart disease are examples of common psychosomatic ailments.
By observing and recording data on physiological processes such as sleep rhythms, heart rate, gastrointestinal functioning, immune response, and brain function, applied psychophysiology focuses on the effects of emotional states on the central nervous system.
Electroencephalograms (EEGs), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computerised axial tomography (CAT) scans are all used to measure such factors.
Treatments for psychosomatic illnesses are being developed by combining elements from the allopathic and alternative medical worlds. The methods used range from drug therapy and biofeedback to meditation, yoga, and massage therapy. Therapies that integrate mind/body processes have been shown to help with the healing of a variety of diseases.
A more holistic and preventive approach to healthcare is being sought on medical, social, and environmental levels, one that integrates and balances the mind/body relationship.
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