COVID-19-Diagnosis and Treatment

COVID-19 is a dangerous virus that has killed millions of people around the world and left others with long-term health problems.

The coronavirus is contagious and can be passed from person to person. 
A laboratory test is used to diagnose it.

Physical separation, mask use, hand hygiene, and staying away from people if unwell are all methods of prevention.

Symptoms appear two to fourteen days after a person has been exposed to the virus. A person infected with the coronavirus can be communicable to others for up to two days before symptoms develop, and for 10 to 20 days after symptoms appear, depending on their immune system and the severity of their sickness.

What are symptoms of coronavirus?

COVID-19 symptoms include:


•    Cough
•    Fever or chills
•    Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
•    Muscle or body aches
•    Sore throat
•    New loss of taste or smell
•    Diarrhea
•    Headache
•    New fatigue
•    Nausea or vomiting
•    Congestion or runny nose

Some persons who are infected with the coronavirus develop minor COVID-19 symptoms, while others show no symptoms at all. COVID-19, on the other hand, can cause respiratory failure, long-term lung and heart muscle damage, nervous system difficulties, kidney failure, and death in certain people.

The following complications have been observed in persons who have developed COVID-19:

•    Acute respiratory distress syndrome 
•    Rrregular heart rate (arrhythmia)
•    Heart attack
•    Renal failure or kidney injury 
•    Fatigued muscles with extreme pain
•    Pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) 

Coronavirus Treatment:

There is no specific treatment for COVID-19. Mild cases necessitate treatment to relieve symptoms, such as rest, water, and fever control. Take over-the-counter medication if you have a sore throat, body aches, or a fever.

Patients with severe symptoms should be hospitalised. Remdesivir (Veklury), an antiviral medication, was the first to be approved by the FDA for the treatment of COVID-19 hospitalised patients. Evidence suggests that those given remdesivir recovered in about 11 days, compared to 15 days for those given a placebo.

Many clinical trials are currently being conducted to investigate and develop new COVID-19 therapies that have previously been used to treat other diseases.

Tocilizumab, a drug used to treat autoimmune diseases, is currently being tested in clinical trials. The FDA is also allowing clinical research and hospital use of blood plasma from COVID-19 survivors to aid in the development of immunity in others. This is known as convalescent plasma. There is currently insufficient evidence to support its efficacy.

Early in the pandemic, the anti-malarial medications hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine were considered as potential treatments. The FDA revoked the emergency use order after tests revealed that the medications were ineffective and that the risks outweighed the benefits.

One of the steroid treatments used is dexamethasone, a steroid medicine used to treat arthritis, blood/hormone/immune system abnormalities, and allergic responses. More efficacy research is being conducted.
What is the recovery rate of coronavirus?

Scientists and researchers are closely monitoring COVID-19 infections and recoveries. They do not, however, have data on the outcome of every infection. The overall COVID-19 recovery rate, according to preliminary projections, will be between 97 and 99.75 percent.

Following vaccines are currently available for prevention of coronavirus.

•    Pfizer-BioNTech
•    Moderna
•    Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen
•    COVAXIN and COVISHIELD
•    Sputhnik V
 

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